VTar, go different places or countries, by any means of locomotion it is what is meant by traveling, and to the letter we can say that Joseph Cornell did not travel as never left the United States, but if we approach his work traveled more kilometers we will see many who do not stop climbing on airplanes, trains or ships. It is what has the imagination, open the gate 24 hours a day 365 days of the year.
The life of Josep Cornell is one of their boxes assembled , the limited space but a whole host inner world full of all kinds of objects, cuts, photographs and pages of books. A universe content and a way to use what he collected, Cornell as before was artist collector.
Born in Nyack to 40 kilometers of a New York City 24 th of december 1903, It is the oldest of four brothers. When he was only fourteen years old his father, seller and designer fabrics for men's suits, dies. By then Cornell studying at an academy science and languages but soon will be forced to go to work to help his family financially, first in a textile factory and finally a company located in Madison Avenue where she sells fabrics. New York becomes your source of information comes to museums, Art Galleries, record stores, theaters, second-hand bookshops and stores that buy all kinds of curios, photographs and movies that start collecting.
Its formation is self-taught and throughout his life will acquire extensive knowledge of literature, history, ballet, music, cinema and theater, becoming an intellectual artist. A key event in the life of Cornell occurs in 1931 when he discovered in the Julien Levy Gallery collages of Max Ernst and other Surrealist artists work. A year later it will be in the same gallery where Cornell expose their first assemblies and collage.
In 1936 It opens at the Museum of Modern Art exhibition “fantastic art, Dada, Surrealism”. His work “Soap Bubble set” Cornell is displayed and write to the director of the exhibition, He is saying that although not share the Surrealist theories admires much of his work. So, Cornell never considered a surrealist artist. His concept of art as art dealer Leo Castelli said in presenting the exhibition held at the Juan March Foundation 1984 It was as follows: “Cornell, firmly he believed that art is not an elitist activity but is something that is eternally born of the spirit of man”
Continues to work as a textile designer and extra income will be taken making sketches for magazines like Vogue or House & Garden.
Cornell spent his entire life with his mother and his brother Robert who cared and who suffered cerebral palsy, staying close to him. The three lived in a house in the 3708 Utopia Parkway on Long Island in which Cornell installed in basement 1941 his study that used to talk as a “laboratory”.
Befriends many artists and writers such as Marcel Duchamp who helps with his work Boîte-en-valise, Max Ernst, Dorothea Tanning, Matta, Marianne Moore, Robert Motherwell, inter alia. And contrary to what is believed, there who branded him lonely and introverted, Joseph Cornell received at home to artists, dancers, writers, musicians, actors and current rates, perhaps many more than those who can go through life of any of us as Leo Castelli says.
Throughout his life exposures happen with his work and his influence can be detected in later art movements, as Pop Art, minimalism and Fluxus.
The last exhibition attended before his death was dedicated to children at the Cooper Union School of Art, formed by 26 boxes and collages that were installed at the height of the eyes of a child.
After his death in 1972, Walter Hopps Commissioner he found in the Cornell study a book whose pages had been transformed by him, adding pictures, drawings, poems, perforating ultimately leaves shaping their world in a manual of French agriculture 1911, surely acquired in one of the second-hand bookstores frequented.
Words crossed out and added other, so part of the fun is to decipher the hidden meanings. He played with the theme of the book and so, between lists of crops and images of agricultural fertilizers, advantage an engraving of a strawberry making a woman's hat.
This manual was altering Cornell from 1933 until mid- 40 and that it had no record is (perhaps he never taught anyone) It was deposited in the Smithsonian remaining hidden 20 years until he was rescued (acquired) by the Philadelphia Art Museum which houses an important collection of the work of Marcel Duchamp. The Manual was first exhibited to the public in 1999 during an exhibition dedicated to show the link between Duchamp and Cornell. It exhibited open the sheet on which was the image of the Mona Lisa.
In 2012 Thames and Hudson editorial in collaboration with the Philadelphia Museum produced a facsimile reproduced 60 original pages.
Cornell works are the fruit of his imagination, You are full of artistic and historical references treated with an innate sensitivity and from my point of view with exquisite aesthetic taste reflection of everything that offered the city of New York and travel that gave him reading, cinema and theater.
These boxes are still traveling exhibitions like the one held in 2015 at the Royal Academy of Arts and in turn continue to travel to those who observe.
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