INTENT TO DECEIVE (II)
Curated by Colette Loll exposure “The intent to deceive” presents the artistic and psychological profiles of the five most important and damaging for art forgers. Entitled “The intent to deceive” (II), focus this article on the life and work of counterfeiters Eric Hebborn, John Myatt y Mark Landis. You can refer to Chapter I, here. It is not only to show the false works, but to analyze how their talent, charm and audacity fooled the art world, exposure including its false works with original, detailed description of the techniques used, personal effects, photographs, videos and how they were finally discovered.
ERIC HEBBORN (1934-1966)
Nacido en South Kensington, a los 8 years sets fire to his school and sent to a juvenile facility where he discovered his artistic talent. Living with host families and continues his art studies to enter 1956 at The Royal Academy of Arts in London where his work is criticized for outdated and unoriginal. In 1959 he leaves two years on a scholarship Italy, on his return to London began working with George Aczel painting restorer who gave the filling motif parts of the painting had been damaged and teaches you how to improve the work and add doubtful signatures.
Known historian Anthony Blunt tells her that her drawings resemble those of Nicolas Poussin.
Technically Herbbon is an ideal raw material for his forgeries in an antique shop in London: old paper. Creates and uses a pigment ink made from vegetable, this combined with the old paper makes his forgeries were practically undetectable.
In 1978 Konrad Oberhuber, conservador de la National Gallery of Art de Washington, discovers that two drawings Savelli Sperandio and Francesco Thing purchased at an antique shop in London had been made in the same paper, the drawings back to Colnaghi Hebborn who reveals that the source of these drawings.
The number of works in public collections Hebborn unknown, made between 500 and 1000 drawings of old masters mixed with legitimate work both marketed and BBC documentary 1991 “Portrait of a Master Forger” and in his autobiography 1993 “Draw to Trouble” states that specific works created for important collections generating more confusion with his words in the world of art, bragging about the ease with which fooled experts and dealers whom he considered people eager to acquire work in order to increase their profit margins despite not be certain of its origin and authenticity.
He was never prosecuted for fraud for lack of evidence as to legally protect denied giving powers to the works. A few weeks after the publication of his second book The Art Forger's Handbook, Hebborn was found lying in the neighborhood of Trastevere (Rome), with a head injury. He died in the hospital and his murder has never been solved.
Jonh MYATT (1945-)
Jon Myatt nace en Staffordshire, England, studied art and comes to get a grant to open his own studio, but his style that leans to the old masters not fit and closes.
He worked as an art teacher in some schools in the county of Staffordshire. In 1983 his wife leaves him and leaves him alone with her two children, in 1986 an ad in the magazine Private Eye, which provides: “genuine fakes. Paintings from XIX and XX century 200 pounds” John Drewe, an experienced scammer responds to the announcement and instructs him do a work in the style of Albert Gleizes, Drewe sold at the auction house Christie's for thirty thousand pounds just giving Myatt 200.
It was the beginning of a successful criminal partnership that lasted a decade and totaled nearly three million dollars in false works of Chagall, Giacometti y Matisse, inter, purchased by auction houses, collectors besides London, New York and Paris.
Myatt no extraordinary techniques used to fool the experts, Simple mixing paints lubricant gel to mimic the viscosity of the oils. To age the painting works rubbed with ground coffee dirtying. He acknowledged that on occasion his forgeries were but poor imitations that documentation brought Drewe was so complete that the works became doubtful, as if they were to discover masterpieces.
Drewe was the mastermind of the plot, he met with directors and trustees prestigious museums posing as a wealthy collector donor. He eventually won their trust and was allowed to access files without supervision , so he could steal documentation then retouched, altered catalogs, deceived experts and contaminated the art historical record.
In 1995, Scotland Yard House displayed Myatt , who works with the police in arresting Drewe lending itself to that phone conversations engrave.
In 1999 testifies at the trial of Drew. Myatt is found guilty of fraud and sentenced to one year in prison. Drewe, considered the mastermind, is sentenced to six years in prison. Four months Myatt was free for good behavior.
Today is dedicated to painting “legal fakes”, lectures and has a program on BBC TV Fame in the Frame, where does interviews and teaches painting.
In this video Myatt is interviewed in his studio in Birmingham and describes how his career started counterfeiting.
The Art of the Con: An Ex-Art Forger Tells All
MARK LANDIS (1955-)
Mark Landis is certainly the most peculiar of this group of counterfeiters, because it does not sell fakes but donates, museums have no legal recourse against.
Born in Virginia and during his childhood traveling around the world due to his father's job is Admiral of the Navy of the United States. After the death of his father at 17 years is diagnosed with schizophrenia, in income follows a painting based therapy, has a talent for copying. He studied art in Chicago and get to open a gallery in San Francisco.
In 1988 returns to his mother's house and donates a fake painting to a museum in memory of his father, this will be the engine that moves to create and donate works of fake art: tribute to his parents. "I have the gift of being a good painter and wanted to do something that they feel proud".
Mark Landis cheated over 40 museums 20 American states in their 30 years career as a forger of art.
How did? masquerading as cure, he presented himself as Father Arthur Scott, and September 1 of 2010 arrive at Hilliard University Art Museum Lafayette (Louisiana), Jesuit dress with Charles Curran Curtney underarm, after keeping mail contact with the director explaining that wanted to donate this work to pay tribute to her mother, he was a collector and had died days ago.
Notwithstanding, the museum's curator Joyce Penn took less than an hour to discover that this was not authentic Curran. After pass by ultraviolet light under the magnifying glass and microscope, revealed that the painting was done on the spot pattern reproduction. Fraud Penn suggested to Joyce in a previous encounter with another forger. He rummaged through his files and found there a picture with the name Mark Landis and face Father Arthur Scott: a year earlier he had tried to donate another picture in another institution where she had worked. Then the museum director circulated a mail to institutions to warn of deception.
Museum professionals see it as a villain, he sees himself as a philanthropist, says he can not understand why museums are upset with their “hobby” since it says that donations are a tribute to his late parents and are acts of goodwill.
Matthew Leininger, Chief Curator of the Museum of Art in Cincinnati on the heels from 2007, when Landis donated to the Museum of Art in Oklahoma City then works five forgeries Leininger. Upon discovering fraud Leininger contacted other institutions and began to gather evidence.
The FBI and police are aware of his activity, but have not filed charges because technically not commit fraud because it did not benefit monetarily from their donations and tax deductions not claimed.
His career as a forger has been so long because usually forged to lesser-known artists, artists that the museum staff would have less familiarity.
He did not use sophisticated techniques, aged works with tea or light brown pigment, made them more credible falsifying receipts auction houses and placing labels on its hind, but his greatest trick was his costume cure.
He has promised not to make donations, but many doubt it stops.
No you fail to see the trailer of the documentary ART AND CRAFT
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