Soy a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no human being should testify: Gas chambers built by renowned engineers, Children poisoned by highly specialized doctors. Newborn killed by nurses, Women and babies burned by people trained in schools, colleges and universities. Thus, I doubt education, and I make an order: Help students to become human. The effort, must never produce learned monsters and psychopaths cults and educated Eichmanns. Reading and writing are important only if they serve to make our young people more human beings. (A. Novinsky)
Racionalmente, I never thought I would die, but he had an incredible urge to create. My situation was the same as that of the people around me, and I realized that soon die. But I never thought that I myself was in that situation. wafted. It was out of the reality of existence. I should only represent what was happening. I was a spectator. (Halina Olomucki)
The 10 June 1940, the Gestapo took control of Theresienstad, (Terezín) to some 60 kilometers from Prague. A forztaleza the Austrian Emperor Joseph II had built in the late eighteenth century on Czech territory, to honor the memory of his mother, Maria Theresa Empress. Designed to house wartime to 11.000 soldiers, from the 24 November 1941 a century and a half later, the place was turned into a walled ghetto, who welcomed 140.000 Jews to hide their extermination. To the outside world, Terezin was to appear as a model Jewish settlement, but it was only a concentration camp used as a transition to Auschwitz. And though the goal were physically and mentally break their prisoners, they failed to break them spiritually. They managed to overcome the denigration through art.
TheI Ogre me a pencil and some scraps of paper. I started drawing some of the various "types" among the prisoners. Some young girls, they had "friends" among the male inmates who used to receive food gift, I was asked to draw their portraits. The pay: a piece of bread. (Esther Lurie)
At the edge of the abyss, and before a prison population starved and humiliation, they created a sophisticated clandestine system of education and conferences were held, Theater displays, classical music concerts, cabaret shows and operas were written as "The Emperor of Atlantis, or rejection of death " an opera in one act (called "Legend in four scenes") Viktor Ullmann with music and libretto by Peter Kien, composed 1943 in the Terezin concentration camp to be released in the Teatro Real in Madrid 10 June 2016, with the stage direction of Gustavo Tambascio.
The presence in the ghetto of important artists left its mark in drawings and paintings that reflected the daily lives of prisoners and their desire for freedom and a better future. The Nazi authorities saw these cultural manifestations a means to hide the horror giving the image of an idyllic life for prisoners, to the point of reaching even to promote a movie titled: “The Führer gives the Jews a city"Directed by actor Kurt Gerron great fame in prewar Berlin and deported to Terezin in 1943.
Seven months citadel managed to give a clean and pleasant appearance, built simulating fronts decorated cafes, theaters, banks and hospitals, and "instructed" prisoners of responses and reports to be provided to visitors.
After the film, Kurt Gerron was deported to Auschwitz, where he died. A documentary about his life can be seen the video titled "Prisoner of Paradise" which is inserted in this article.
Terezín, It was the boundary beyond which there was no escape possible, except in the wings of imagination through art.
This article is dedicated to all painters, musicians, literati, children and artists who died doing art not only a way of escape, but an active election challenge.
Frederick Fritta, a Czech painter, He paid this gamble with your life. The Nazis discovered their secret art and deported in 1944 a Auschwitz, where he was killed a week after his arrival when he was 38 year old. graphic designer before the war, the drawings to be undertaken for the camp authorities, They had nothing to do with those kept for history. His works are full of contrasts between light and shadows, as indicative of the hope for a better future and the proximity of death.
This image shows a woman awaiting deportation to Auschwitz. The shadow on her face, in clear opposition with which projects its body it indicates the proximity of death.
This drawing was a birthday gift to his friend Bedrich Edgar Krasa. Sunbeams observed outside the window speak of hope for a better future.
People “lock”, the “gate” or “funnel”. The boarding area where countless hours were recorded for newcomers. This chiaroscuro emphasizes the concern in the “lock” as a transition from life to death.
fried, It was occasionally allowed to leave the walls of the fortress and yet, the loneliness of the image contrasts with others in the overcrowded ghetto people.
He survived a son, Thomas, and a book dedicated to him was found between the walls of the field.
“Tommy on his third birthday in Terezín (Drawing illustrated by Fritta book for your child also inside the Ghetto)
Then, I leave the documentary titled Kurt Gerron “Prisoner of Paradise” which chronicles his life and direction of the film "The Führer gives the Jews a city” ( English subtitled in Spanish – 1 hour 35 minutes)